What did the second generation of computers utilize instead of vacuum tubes?
The second generation of computers utilized “Transistor” instead of huge vacuum tubes. The transistor was designed and invented in 1947 by three physicians Bardeen, Brattain, and Shockley. The Transistor was better than vacuum tubes they allowed PC to become smaller, faster Cheaper produced less energy,
Which type of memory is used in first generation computers?
In first generation computers, the main memory is in the form of magnetic drums. In second generation computers, the main memory is in the form of RAM and ROM. Question 1: Which of the following replaced Vacuum tubes in second generation computers?
which technology was used in first and fifth generation computer
What is the third generation of computers?
The first computers of this generation were developed for the atomic energy industry. The development of the integrated circuit was the hallmark of the third generation of computers. Transistors were miniaturized and placed on silicon chips, called semiconductors. This drastically increased the speed and efficiency of computers.
1st generation of computer technology
What was the first generation of computers?
The first generation of computer history is generally characterized by the widely used vacuum tubes. A vacuum tube worked similarly to a light bulb and was invented around the same time as a bulb.
What is the history of computer technology?
The history of computer technology is often used to refer to the origin of all the different generations of computers. From first to fifth each computer generation is characterized by significant technological development in their components, memory, and elements which essentially changed the way these devices work.
What is the second generation of computers?
As a result of when the primary generation of computers, the second generation of computers was created. Transistors were utilized in the second generation of computers. Several computers of the primary generation were made from 1946 to 1959. The use of vacuum tubes within the 1st generation of computers revolutionized the globe of technology.
technology used in 1st generation computers
What technology did the second generation of computers use?
Second-generation computers used the technology of transistors rather than bulky vacuum tubes. Another feature was the core storage. A transistor may be a device composed of semiconductor material that amplifies a sign or opens or closes a circuit. Transistors were invented in Bell Labs.
What programming language was used in the first generation of computers?
The first generation of the computer was dependent upon the lowest-level programming language known as machine language, which was used by the computer (first-generation) to perform different kinds of operations. This was not able to perform multitasking work and capable of solving only one problem at a time.
Why is the first generation computer also called vacuum tube computers?
Therefore the first generation computer is also called vacuum tube computers. The chief component of the first generation computer was the vacuum tube. 17,000 vacuum tubes were used in this first computer ENIAC. ENIAC consumed 150 kilowatts of power. The vacuum tube was used for memory and logic circuits.
which technology used in second generation computer
What is the 2nd generation of computer?
Second Generation of Computer During the late 1950s and 1960s, the interest in computer technology got fast, and the next generation of the computer, second, was introduced that replace vacuum tubes and used transistors. The computers made in the second generation were completely based upon transistors, not on vacuum tubes.